Character Entity References in HTML

A webpage basically can be created using the HTML elements. However, certain characters cannot be typed directly into an HTML document because these characters are reserved for use as HTML elements. The most obvious examples are the > and < signs, they are reserved for the start tags and end tags of the HTML elements. To overcome the issue, HTML provides character entity reference in the form of &code;. For example, to show the > sign on the webpage, we use &lt and for the & sign, we use &

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